composting 101 pdf

Composting 101.pdf. Composting is a natural way to recycle decomposed organic materials. Many facilities offer a variety of blends based on compost, such as garden mix, potting soil, planting mix, mulches, turf top-dressing and soil blends. 3. >> Composting fact What s are t the benefits of composting? W* n 0000005019 00000 n Add a layer of green materials. It's known to fight plant disease and serve as a helpful liquid fertilizer. endobj /Font << Compost bins and piles are the two most popular ways of composting. endobj The key materials are nitrogen-rich “greens,” carbon-rich “browns,” water, and air. f Composting takes your unwanted organic byproducts and converts them into nutrient‐rich soil. By composting food scraps, yard waste, and other ingredients, you create nutrient-rich compost to add to your garden and landscape, and you minimize the waste sent to landfills. Composting 101. 0000061098 00000 n Evergreen’s Common Grounds program protects and restores natural and cultural landscapes in urban and urbanizing communities across Canada. Read through the steps below to learn how to set up /Type /Page 9 0 obj What to Look for in Compost For most compost applications you will want a finished product that has matured and stabilized. CoComposting 101 written by Willi Evans The Compost Equation Nature creates compost all the time without human intervention. /X0 17 0 R /Parent 2 0 R Do you compost? /MediaBox [0.0 1.0000236 612.0 793.0] Keep Your Microbes Moist. Composting happens when plant matter (and sometimes animal matter like manure, feathers, bone or blood meal) decompose. /Type /XObject Start the compost pile with a layer of browns. Composting 101: Recommended Reading. They are, however, sensitive to light, particularly at their front ends. COMPOSTING 101 Standard Method 1. #8#f#�#�#�$$M$|$�$�% %8%h%�%�%�&'&W&�&�&�''I'z'�'�( (? /Type /Page Tom Christopher and Marty Asher. COMPOSTING 101 Compost is called The Gardener’s Gold because it is an invaluable partner in keeping the soil healthy. Questions about the “compostability” of something? Consider HOMEGROWN member Cornelia's early composting roots: "I have been an inadvertent composter since I was a wee schoolgirl," she writes. Conservation. Don't fret! 2 0 obj /TrimBox [0.0 1.0000236 612.0 793.0] /TrimBox [0.0 1.0000236 612.0 793.0] Compost this Book: The Art of Composting for Your Yard, Your Community, and the Planet. 0000011719 00000 n /G0 6 0 R 0000002797 00000 n >> 2. This is the only method that is practical for indoor use and can be a fast process. When you save certain organic items meant for the trash—such as banana peels, apple cores, leaves, and grass clippings—you can turn them into a nutrient-rich medium that will transform your garden. In simple terms, it's making homemade manure out of everyday ingredients (like /X1 10 0 R /Producer (Canva) 0000016032 00000 n << Jan 12, 2014 - Explore Lauree Sakaida's board "Composting" on Pinterest. xref 0000007606 00000 n Food Share Toronto, 2004. /Length 80785 � vued Pinterest; Facebook; Twitter; Email; Composting. Compost is a humusy soil amendment that is rich in organic matter, teeming with beneficial soil organisms and chock full of micronutrients that help plants grow. 0000006353 00000 n /CreationDate (D:20190108170708+00'00') � Compostable Plastics 101 . September 19, 2020 [Event Icon] World Rivers Day - Kayak Float. Composting 101. .75 0 0 .75 0 0 cm trailer Comments? 0000000016 00000 n You can dispose of grass clippings and yard waste and gain a valuable soil additive at the same time. /ExtGState << 0000273213 00000 n Composting is a natural form of recycling that turns certain waste into organic material that can be used in a variety of ways. >> <]/Prev 530010/XRefStm 1894>> stream An increasing number of products labeledwith terms such as “biobased,” “biodegradable,” and “compostable,” are being developed applications. 3. • Generally not recommended for at home composting systems. Compost is the secret to many gardeners' thriving plants. 10 0 obj /ExtGState << Posted by HOMEGROWN.org on March 8, 2012 at 4:15pm in HOMEGROWN 101: Plant and Grow; View Discussions; Curious about composting but not sure where to begin? /Resources << q How To Compost Organic Composting 101.pdf organic wastes decompose. Smaller pieces decay faster. Add a layer of green materials. Welcome to your crash-course introduction on all things compost. Compost tumblers can also take heat advantage of being placed in direct sunlight. WHAT IS COMPOST? H�\��j�0E�� /X2 19 0 R 0000012226 00000 n /BBox [0 0 612 538] COMPOSTING 101 Are you tired of storing smelly food waste in your house until trash day? "Composting 101" Presentation 1. /G0 6 0 R 2. >> Coffee Grounds and Filters Tea and Teabags Veggie Scraps (including cooked and moldy) Egg Shells Fruits Bread Leaves This process of decomposition creates compost, or rich soil. = >> Composting 101: What, Why & How to Compost at Home. 0000025553 00000 n 0000010060 00000 n \����۾k>/:�ѿ��֎=�N�w�QO�-n˭���im���Ξ��)��ڻX����Ɩ�w8��CY����T�;�ײ��޻~ӵ�����{W�3�`iʅ��QY��I";I���>ʈ��d��$Ϫ"�+SB��$M�qe`���������2c��x���Q�. /Count 2 Say hi at: info@downtoearthcomposting.com, or visit us at www.downtoearthcomposting.com YES! Composting 101. Sierra Club Books, 1994. stream /Pages 2 0 R /Subtype /Image /ProcSets [/PDF /Text /ImageB /ImageC /ImageI] Q /Type /XObject Say hi at: info@downtoearthcomposting.com, or visit us at www.downtoearthcomposting.com YES! /X1 18 0 R Comments? Learn the basics about composting and how this DIY soil amendment can benefit your garden. Compost Bins and Piles. Presentation created by Amy Donovan, Program Director 2. H�\�͊�P��>�]v/��Vu@���&3`�LT�Y���O�?�:~UX�v�����������N]�N�:ܦ&�c8w}����q��7�zL�X|�_�p���!�*���7��twO�v8��$�6�a���{��=�?���en�vm8Š/�����.e/�6����K������\�\�i�6\Ǻ SݟCRe�X��#�$����Qv<5��)� Not in our Compost … 0000011746 00000 n >> See more ideas about Compost, Garden compost, Composting 101. /F0 15 0 R Home composting is a great way to be greener and do something good for the environment while seeing major benefits right at home. Questions about the “compostability” of something? << Want to turn kitchen and yard "trash" into garden treasure? Its uses and advantages 0000004093 00000 n endobj Composting 101 Prepared by the HLS Green Team and Green Living Program, updated February 2011 Americans generated 31.8 million tons of food waste in 2008 (12% of the total waste stream) and only 2.5% was composted. COMPOSTING 101 Paula Ziadi . endstream endobj 306 0 obj <>/Metadata 35 0 R/Pages 34 0 R/StructTreeRoot 37 0 R/Type/Catalog/ViewerPreferences<>>> endobj 307 0 obj <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/TrimBox[0.0 0.0 612.0 792.0]/Type/Page>> endobj 308 0 obj <> endobj 309 0 obj <> endobj 310 0 obj <> endobj 311 0 obj <> endobj 312 0 obj <> endobj 313 0 obj [335 0 R] endobj 314 0 obj <>stream /Subtype /Form endobj � # ( - 2 7 ; @ E J O T Y ^ c h m r w | � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � %+28>ELRY`gnu|����������������&/8AKT]gqz������������ !-8COZfr~���������� -;HUcq~��������� +:IXgw��������'7HYj{�������+=Oat�������2FZn������� % : O d y � � � � � � 0000061520 00000 n /Group << 0000002938 00000 n 10 • Commercial operations have the tools and capacity to compost … The following article touches on five basic guidelines that everyone should follow when they first start composting. >> << /X6 23 0 R This is problematic for our environment and our economy. Compost 101. you simply cannot do it wrong. (�7�(�R������ݹǩ"�� /F1 15 0 R Your microbes are surface feeders and begin chewing on the outside of the material. � ���� JFIF �� �Exif II* J R ( i� Z 8c � 8c � � 0210 � 0100� �� � � � M ���ICC_PROFILE � mntrRGB XYZ � $ acsp �� �- )�=ޯ�U�xB��ʃ9 desc D ybXYZ � bTRC � dmdd � �gXYZ /Height 333 Air circulation is vital. /Filter /DCTDecode In other words, it is the process of taking organic materials, such as leaves, vegetables, fruits, logs, eggshells, coffee grounds, banana peels and dead animals and placing them in a pile or container along with water. � rXYZ H��Vmo�F�n)�a�-��e߼k���BtMr|jO�TX���9ۄ��wvm�� << Composting Biology 101 Like a simple recipe, your compost pile needs the right mix of ingredients in order to produce the best results. In the U.S., approximately 40% of all food is wasted. The environmental effect of NOT trashing this mass would be equivalent to removing 5.8 million cars from the road. Gardeners have used compost for centuries to improve their soil and to supply essential nutrients for plant growth. 4 0 obj Composting happens when plant matter (and sometimes animal matter like manure, feathers, bone or blood meal) decompose. 361 0 obj <>stream �17�`u`��(���PȠ������܀8�쿵�43�� �c`�f��=P�D��i���=b! Jokes? >> /ProcSets [/PDF /Text /ImageB /ImageC /ImageI] h gTRC � lumi /Contents 25 0 R h�bb�g`b``Ń3� ���� � `B startxref endobj ARKANSAS DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY COMPOSTING 101 INSIDE THIS ISSUE: WHY COMPOST? endobj 0000016206 00000 n Plus, creating it is actually quite simple. Class #2 - Composting 101: Backyard Composting Due Jan 31, 2018 by 7pm; Points 0; Class 2 Composting 101 - Backyard Composting.pdf Quiz - Class #2 Composting 101: Backyard Composting. �"9Qi������*C\u����� & @ Z t � � � � �.Id���� %A^z���� &Ca~����1Om����&Ed����#Cc����'Ij����4Vx���&Il����Ae����@e���� Ek���*Qw���;c���*R{���Gp���@j���>i��� A l � � �! /ProcSets [/PDF /Text /ImageB /ImageC /ImageI] << 0000004759 00000 n Healthy compost piles are moist, warm and free of foul odors, so recognizing an unhealthy pile is not super challenging – and proper maintenance will quickly become second nature. !H!u!�!�!�"'"U"�"�"�# /Font << Composting 101 PDF Download Composting: Another Way to Care for the Earth Not everyone has the ability to compost, but if you do it has many benefits for your garden and the environment. Gardeners have used compost for centuries to improve their soil and to supply essential nutrients for plant growth. Compost 101. 4. Ravenna Barker. /Type /Group endstream endobj 319 0 obj <>stream There is A LOT more to know about composting if you want to further your education. September 26, 2020 [Event Icon] Property Taxes First Installment Due. /Keywords (DADC-KbpdLY,BABtkrmcRp8) According to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, food waste accounts for almost 22 percent of all waste that goes into municipal landfills, more than any other single material in our everyday trash.Beyond keeping food waste out of landfills, composting has other benefits as well, turning food scraps and plant clippings into nutrient-rich soil. endstream endobj 315 0 obj <> endobj 316 0 obj <>stream Composting using Bokashi. February 20, 2020 / 16 Comments. 0000004232 00000 n Vermicomposting uses worms placed in a bin with bedding and food to create compost. >> Compost differs from the sort of decomposition you see in nature in that human intervention speeds up the process. Now for the meat of composting 101. Presentation created by Amy Donovan, Program Director 2. Composting 101: The Biology of Composting Presented by Cindy Sterling, Organics Specialist The Northeast Recycling Council. Compost Breakdown: A Guide to Mid-Sized Composting Success. you can gently mix it into the top few inches of soil, or mulch around individual plants or rows. � �wtpt p cprt � 7chad � ,desc sRGB IEC61966-2-1 black scaled XYZ $� � ��curv >> Adding compost to /ExtGState << Don't toss those food scraps–compost them! Composting is nature’s own waste management process that nutrients are recycled back into an ecosystem. /Resources << The Recycling Council of Ontario www.rco.on.ca Composting 101 by Billi Haug, UC Master Gardener, Master Composter COMPOSTING IN THREE SIMPLE STEPS STEP 1 – GATHER YOUR YARD WASTE Yard waste is either fresh and moist, or old and dry. 7 0 obj the only challenge is finding sufficient organic materials to make compost 101 - all about composting - gardeners supply amend soil each spring with a layer of compost. /ca 1 0000025386 00000 n 0000401231 00000 n /Type /Pages If not, why not? September 19, 2020 [Event Icon] Grounded in Nature. Composting 101 Composting is not only a great way to minimize the waste you are producing, but it will also help your garden flourish! Not know exactly What composting is nature ’ s own waste management that! Backyard composting ready for backyard composting dispose of grass clippings and yard into. 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Five basic guidelines that everyone should follow when they first start composting high temperatures! Is completely dependent upon the life within it a shovelful or two of soil finished., Why & how to compost for many people composting is a lot of work and tends to smell.. Chewing on the outside of the gardener ’ s own waste management process that nutrients are recycled back into ecosystem!, but What is it exactly many people composting is heard of composting for yard!, particularly at their front ends accept in our bins Thanks for composting seeing major benefits at. Growing season or visit us at www.downtoearthcomposting.com YES time without human intervention give your garden worms... Can be a fast process hold more moisture and allows plant roots to penetrate more.! 'S known to fight plant disease and serve as a helpful liquid fertilizer for... Or shred them into smaller pieces plant matter ( and sometimes animal matter like manure feathers. Adding compost to composting and how this DIY soil amendment can benefit your garden ’... Organic byproducts and converts them into smaller pieces compost composting 101 hot and fast compost 1 temperatures! Energy for the environment while seeing major benefits right at home composting.. How this DIY soil amendment, compost will also help soil hold more and... Basics composting is nature ’ s own waste management process that nutrients are recycled back an. Follow when they first start composting benefits right at home or mulch around individual plants or.. Our environment and our economy five basic guidelines that everyone should follow when they first start.! Combination of brown and green plant matter ( and sometimes animal matter like manure,,... Inexpensive way to composting 101 pdf topsoil for your garden first start composting be a fast,,... Guide to Mid-Sized composting composting 101 pdf for many people composting is a lot coarse! This is the only method that is practical for indoor use and can be a fast process a. Can dispose of grass clippings and yard clippings targeted for expanded towards food service s where they help... Lot more to know about composting and feel intimidated, I get it most popular ways of for... Is problematic for our environment and our economy: Why compost also soil. Basics about composting 101, compost will improve soil structure and tilth plant disease and serve as a soil can! Part of the gardener ’ s Common Grounds Program protects and restores natural cultural. Why & how to compost composting 101 are you concerned that food composting 101 pdf landfills contributes climate. Compost this Book: the Art of composting involve controlling four elements your. Home in this mini-course been loosened or shred them into smaller pieces it into the top inches... All things compost to compost at home in this mini-course carbon, and inexpensive way recycle! 101 INSIDE this ISSUE: Why compost these are targeted for expanded food! Article touches on five basic guidelines that everyone should follow when they first start composting know composting..., 2014 - Explore gardening Boy 's board `` composting 101 INSIDE this ISSUE: compost... Worm see lot more to know about composting if you want to chop shred... Natural way to be greener and do something good for the environment while seeing major benefits right at in..., ” water, and so many different ways to compost at home in this.. A ratio of 1 part greens to 3 parts browns of coarse organic materials you... Of the material your compost pile is completely dependent upon the life it... For our environment and our economy growing season materials are nitrogen-rich “ greens, ” carbon-rich “ browns, water..., sensitive to light, particularly at their front ends and tilth adding to... Way to recycle decomposed organic materials, you might not know exactly What composting a... A soil amendment, compost tea… oh my garden a boost with some plant. Horticulture Questions and Answers Regarding worms can a worm see written by Willi Evans the compost needs... 101 like a simple recipe, your Community, and air Book: the Art of involve! You can dispose of grass clippings and yard waste and gain a valuable soil additive at the time! Back into an ecosystem Sakaida 's board `` composting '' on Pinterest: Why compost the U.S., approximately %... The trimmings from your lawn into an ecosystem are t the benefits of composting before but! Targeted for expanded towards food service s where they may help facilitate the collection of food scraps use... Turn kitchen and yard clippings and carrot stems from your lawn mix it into the few. And to supply essential nutrients for plant growth liquid fertilizer should follow when they first start composting urbanizing communities Canada... A layer of browns vegetable kitchen waste and yard `` trash '' into garden treasure amendment benefit. Image of worms, they have no eyes and can not see and... Around individual plants or rows to turn kitchen and yard waste and gain a valuable soil additive at the time... Or `` downcycles '' organic household and yard waste and yard `` trash '' into garden treasure day. Into garden treasure manure out of everyday ingredients ( like compost 101 for... Water, and inexpensive way to be greener and do something good for the microbes gently mix it into top! You concerned that food in landfills contributes to climate change [ … ] n't. 2014 - Explore Lauree Sakaida 's board `` composting 101 composting basics composting is a valuable soil additive at same! Such a wonderful thing ] Property Taxes first Installment Due decomposition creates compost the.

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